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Structural Systems and Building Physics

Module name (EN): Structural Systems and Building Physics
Degree programme: Architecture, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2013
Module code: B-A-5.4
SAP-Submodule-No.: P120-0093, P120-0094, P120-0095
Hours per semester week / Teaching method: 4V (4 hours per week)
ECTS credits: 6
Semester: 2
Mandatory course: yes
Language of instruction:
Written exam (33%)
Structural Systems: 2 term papers (33%)
Building Physics: term paper (33%)

[updated 04.10.2020]
Applicability / Curricular relevance:
B-A-5.4 (P120-0093, P120-0094, P120-0095) Architecture, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2013, semester 2, mandatory course
60 class hours (= 45 clock hours) over a 15-week period.
The total student study time is 180 hours (equivalent to 6 ECTS credits).
There are therefore 135 hours available for class preparation and follow-up work and exam preparation.
Recommended prerequisites (modules):
B-A-5.2 Structural Systems and Materials

[updated 25.08.2020]
Recommended as prerequisite for:
B-A-5.6 Structural Systems and Building Services

[updated 25.08.2020]
Module coordinator:
Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Matthias Michel
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Gudrun Djouahra
Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Matthias Michel

[updated 25.08.2020]
Learning outcomes:
Structural Systems:
Structural engineering teaches the analysis, design, pre-dimensioning and construction of structural systems, taking into account both design and construction parameters.
In addition to function, shape and space, the supporting structure is an essential element of a building and therefore, its development and integration is part of the design process, as well as constructive training. It is, thus, one aspect of a holistic planning process. Ultimately, an architect should be able to provide the structural engineer with meaningful design specifications, provide corrective support during the constructive development and understand them in the context of a fruitful cooperation.
Building Physics:
Only a holistic view of the aspects of design, construction and building materials together with the principles of building physics enable an energetically optimized and damage-free, detailed solution for a building envelope. The aim is to ensure adequate sound insulation and achieve the energy performance certificate according to EnEV for a building envelope optimized in terms of energy and materials.
Therefore, we will be discussing the principles of moisture and thermal insulation, their implementation in the EnEV and the relevant standards, layer and material optimization, weaknesses in the building envelope, as well as the thermal insulation certificate. We will also be using programs for sound insulation, thermal insulation verification, calculating of thermal bridges and glazier diagram.

[updated 04.10.2020]
Module content:
Structural Systems:
Small model making task with subsequent static load test.
Structural design and dimensioning of the main load-bearing elements of the building construction module assignment. Stiffening, graphic statics, trusses, beams in reinforced concrete, columns and walls in reinforced concrete, uniaxial and biaxial ceiling systems in reinforced concrete.
Building Physics:
Energy balance factors (explanation of terms, formulas, standards).
Building geometry (system boundary, the standard-compliant calculation of enveloping surfaces and the heated volume).
Heat propagation (physical principles heat transfer coefficients, temperature correction factors).
Pre-dimensioning (determining an average heat transfer coefficient of the building envelope for a given annual heating requirement based on the simplified procedure).
Optimization (optimizing the layer structure and determining the required insulation thicknesses), weaknesses (thermal bridges, condensation protection, air permeability).
Energy performance certificate (according to the simplified procedure and the monthly balance sheet procedure of the EnEV).
Physical and physiological principles of sound; evaluation of airborne and impact sound insulation.

[updated 04.10.2020]
Teaching methods/Media:
_Multiple groups of 20-25 students / or parallel with several lecturers/tutors

[updated 04.10.2020]
Recommended or required reading:
Lecture notes und relevante standards und directives, as well as various technical books (LBO Saarland / EnEv, relevant standards); in particular:
Krauss; Führer; Neukäter; Willems: Grundlagen der Tragwerklehre 1+2
Krauss; Führer; Jürges: Tabellen zur Tragwerklehre
Kuff: Tragwerke als Elemente der Gebäude- und Inneraumgestaltung
Leicher: Tragwerkslehre in Beispielen und Zeichnungen
Sandaker; Eggen: Die konstruktiven Prinzipien der Architektur
Siegel, Curt: Strukturformen der modernen Architektur
Torroja, Eduardo: Logik der Form

[updated 04.10.2020]
[Wed Jul  6 06:27:17 CEST 2022, CKEY=atub, BKEY=a2, CID=B-A-5.4, LANGUAGE=en, DATE=06.07.2022]