

Module code: ABBG14 

4V (4 hours per week) 
5 
Semester: 4 
Mandatory course: yes 
Language of instruction:
German 
Assessment:
Written exam (120 minutes)
[updated 01.10.2020]

Exam recurrence:
The information regarding exam recurrence is found within the exam policy of the study programme (ASPO).

ABBG14 (P4100031) Aviation Business (Basic), Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2015
, semester 4, mandatory course
ABBG14 (P4100031) Aviation Business (Basic), Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2018
, semester 2, mandatory course

60 class hours (= 45 clock hours) over a 15week period. The total student study time is 150 hours (equivalent to 5 ECTS credits). There are therefore 105 hours available for class preparation and followup work and exam preparation.

Recommended prerequisites (modules):
ABBG11 Mathematics ABBG13 Material Science & Physics ABBG42 General Aircraft Knowledge I & Principles of Flight I ABBG47 General Aircraft Knowledge II & Priciples of Flight II
[updated 04.05.2016]

Recommended as prerequisite for:
ABBG15 Airline Maintanance Management
[updated 04.05.2016]

Module coordinator:
Prof. Dr. Dirk Hübner 
Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Dirk Hübner
[updated 04.05.2016]

Learning outcomes:
Measurement: After successfully completing this part of the module, students will be able to explain the physical principles on which measurements are based. They will be able to describe the technical implementation of these physical relationships of the most important measurement methods in aviation. Students will also be able to describe how a measurement result is obtained and explain possible measurement errors. To do this, students will first learn to classify the basic terms of measurement technology and develop an understanding of the actual measurement process. After this, students will be introduced to the problem of measurement errors (including possible causes) and estimating errors of indirectly measured quantities using the theory of Gaussian error propagation (e.g. determining density using the ideal gas equation, determining velocity using the Bernoulli equation, etc.). Furthermore, students will learn to evaluate measuring equipment with the help of statistical methods. Based on the assumption of a normally distributed population, mean value and standard deviation serve this purpose. Subsequently, students will learn about possible conversion principles and the measuring devices derived from them for physical quantities relevant in aviation and aero/thermodynamics and will thus, be able to evaluate the respective conversion principles with regard to their applicability and significance. The latter includes the technical correlations and application of these in case studies (e.g. calculating a temperature increase from the measured thermoelectric voltage). Engines: After successfully completing this part of the module, students will be able to describe and classify the different conventional propulsion systems used in aircrafts (especially commercial aircrafts). Furthermore, they will be able to explain the function and mode of operation of turbojet engines and their components. In addition, they will be able to characterize individual engines by means of various key figures (unit mass, specific thrust, specific fuel consumption, propulsion efficiency, etc.). They will be familiar with the physical principles and will be able to explain them with the help of thermodynamic relationships (e.g. ideal gas equation, conservation laws, cyclic processes). Based on this knowledge, students will be able to formulate the requirements for aircraft engines, e.g. with regard to pollutant emissions, fuel consumption and noise development. Finally, students will be able to illustrate which future technologies can be used to meet these requirements. Airframe: After successfully completing this part of the module, students will be familiar with the main design groups of an aircraft and will be able to describe them. They will also be able to differentiate between construction methods, types of construction, construction principles and be able to give examples. On the basis of simple examples, students will be able to identify geometric and material parameters that influence the level of stress in the individual construction groups of the airframe. Using the airframe structure of the A300B2 and B4, students will apply what they have learned and deepen their knowledge in a case study on the A318/A319/A320/A321.
[updated 01.10.2020]

Module content:
Measurement:  Basics of analog and digital measurement technology, measurement errors  Measuring temperatures (thermocouples, resistance thermometers, pyrometers)  Measuring mechanical quantities (force, pressure, acceleration/vibration, position, speed, rotational speed) Engines:  Introduction to the propulsion technology of commercial aircraft, overview of conventional processes, components  Physical basics / principle of jet propulsion, thermodynamic basics, state variables and changes, theoretical background of thrust generation  Derivation of some key figures (unit mass, specific thrust, specific fuel consumption, propulsion efficiency, etc.) to characterize and evaluate engines Airframe technology:  Main design groups, design groups, airframe  Construction methods, types of construction, construction principles, stress  Cell structure based on the example of the A300B2 and B4  Analysis of the airframe structure A318/A319/A320/A321 by AMM
[updated 01.10.2020]

Teaching methods/Media:
Lecture/presentatio with integrated tutorial, blackboard, copies, printouts
[updated 01.10.2020]

Recommended or required reading:
Measurement:  Messtechnik für Ingenieure und Praktiker, Zimmermann/Ortwig, Shaker Verlag, 2009, ISBN 9783832282325  Strömungsmesstechnik, Nitsche/Brunn, Springer Verlag, 2006, ISBN_10 3540209905  Das Ingenieurwissen Messtechnik, Tränkler/Fischerauer, Springer Vieweg, 2014, ISBN 9783662440292 Engines:  Flugzeugtriebwerke, Bräunling, Springer Verlag, 2009, ISBN 9783540763680  Gasturbinen und Flugantriebe, Rick, Springer Vieweg, 2013, ISBN 9783540794455  Verdichter für TurboFlugtriebwerke, Grieb, Springer Verlag, 2009, ISBN 9783540794455 Airframe technology:  Impulsgeber Luftfahrt, Hinsch, Springer Vieweg, 2013, ISBN 9783642326684  Handbuch der Luftfahrt, Mensen, Springer Vieweg, 2013, ISBN 9783642344015  AMM A318/319/A320/A321, Air France, 1987, Chapter 52, 52, 53,5, 56, 57 (PDF)  Zellstruktur der Airbusse A300B1 und B4, Lufthansa Technische Schule, 1988 (PDF)
[updated 01.10.2020]
