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Truck Engineering

Module name (EN): Truck Engineering
Degree programme: Automotive Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2019
Module code: FT61
Hours per semester week / Teaching method: 2V (2 hours per week)
ECTS credits: 2
Semester: 6
Mandatory course: no
Language of instruction:
Written exam

[updated 30.09.2020]
Applicability / Curricular relevance:
FT61 Automotive Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2011, optional course, specialisation
FT61 Automotive Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2015, optional course, specialisation, course inactive since 27.07.2017
FT61 Automotive Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.04.2016, semester 6, optional course, specialisation
FT61 Automotive Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2019, semester 6, optional course, specialisation
MAB. Mechanical and Process Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2013, optional course, specialisation
30 class hours (= 22.5 clock hours) over a 15-week period.
The total student study time is 60 hours (equivalent to 2 ECTS credits).
There are therefore 37.5 hours available for class preparation and follow-up work and exam preparation.
Recommended prerequisites (modules):
FT04.1 Introduction to Automotive Engineering
FT17 Automotive Engineering I

[updated 03.04.2019]
Recommended as prerequisite for:
Module coordinator:
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rüdiger Tiemann
Dipl.-Ing. Georg Stefan Hagemann

[updated 11.05.2019]
Learning outcomes:
After successfully completing this course, students will be able to:
_ name the main criteria for the use of commercial vehicles based on technical and business management data,
_ describe technical solution possibilities for the application of systems in commercial vehicles and explain their mode of operation,
_ explain the interaction of the most relevant systems with each other with their advantages and disadvantages,
_ describe the most relevant design components and their design parameters,
_ apply the standard approach to the development of trucks using the knowledge they have acquired.

[updated 30.09.2020]
Module content:
Lecture block 1: Introduction to the commercial vehicle industry
1.1        Introduction
1.2        The Daimler Group
        * What is the strategy behind a global corporation?
        * What synergies exist between car and truck technologies?
        * What are the technical/economic challenges?
        * What does the future of vehicle traffic look like?
1.3        _Global Player_ (1): Daimler trucks, Daimler buses, Mercedes-Benz vans
        * What does "Global Player" mean ?
        * What are the requirements for a global player?
        * How is global playing implemented?
        * How can global playing be realized economically ?
        * What opportunities/risks are there and how do you deal with them?
1.4        _Global Player_ (2): Competitors
        * What does the market look like in individual regions?
        * Can there be a global truck?
        * How are competitors positioned and how are they organized?
        * What are the effects of competition on in-house developments?
        * Which vehicle concepts are possible for different customer requirements?
Lecture block 2:  The "commercial vehicle" and its development
2.1        Definition of a commercial vehicle
        * What is a commercial vehicle?
        * What types of commercial vehicles are there? What are the differences?
        * Why are commercial vehicles different?
        * What does "modular system" mean?
2.2        History and technological development
        * Since when have there been commercial vehicles?
        * How have commercial vehicles developed and why?
        * Which technologies make sense, which can be expected?
2.3         Transport economy and operating costs
        * What does profitability mean? What is TCO?
        * What influence do trucks have on TCO, what influence do technologies have?
        * Which factors can influence manufacturers and entrepreneurs?
2.4        Legal framework conditions
        * Which basic conditions have to be considered?
        * What do solutions for market/region-specific requirements look like?
        * How are technical solutions brought to market/homologized?
        * What influence do laws have on development and cost structure?
2.5        Development processes
        * What is the timeline for developing a commercial vehicle?
        * What distinguishes new developments from facelifts?
        * Which steps must be considered during development?
        * What processes are used to develop trucks?
        * How is quality verified, how is the operational fitness?
        * Which methods are used in development?
        * What influence do modern development methods have on costs and time?
Lecture block 3: Vehicle concept and components
3.1        Basic concept, complete vehicle
        * Which boundary conditions influence the vehicle concept?
        * Which assemblies determine the vehicle concept?
        * How is a vehicle designed?
3.2        Cab and interior
        * Which cab types are there?
        * Which boundary conditions (laws, safety, ergonomics) have to be considered?
        * How do customer requirements influence the design of cabs?
        * What is a TruckClinic?
        * What influence does the driver have on the design of the cabin?
3.3         Frames and attachments
        * What is the main purpose of the truck frame?
        * Which frame types are available and why? How do they differ?
        * How is a frame designed?
        * What are the functions of a truck frame and which attachments are available?
3.4        Lightweight construction
        * What is lightweight construction?
        * Why is lightweight construction used and which boundary conditions have to be considered?
        * How can the gap between payload and costs be closed?
        * What influence will lightweight construction have in the future?
3.5        Theory and practice _ The truck at your fingertips (semi-trailer truck)        
        * What does the transition from theory to practice look like?
        * What are the names of the individual components?
        * Why are the components located where they are? What are the alternatives?
        * How do you evaluate the arrangement / operation / function of the individual assemblies?
Lecture block 4: Powertrain concepts, aggregates
4.1        Powertrain design
        * Which boundary conditions must be considered?
        * Why do I need a powertrain design? What is the purpose?
        * How is a powertrain designed?
        * What influence does the powertrain design have on the use of the truck?
4.2        Assemblies (engine, transmission, axles)
        * Which assemblies does a truck have?
        * Which boundary conditions have to be considered when choosing the assemblies?
        * How are the assemblies constructed?
        * How do the assemblies work? How do the assemblies interact?
4.3        Alternative drives and fuels
        * Why is the powertrain the way it is?
        * Which boundary conditions influence the drive type?
        * Why do we need alternative drives?
        * What alternative drives are available and what do they look like?
        * What are the advantages and disadvantages of the alternative drives?
4.5        Theory and practice _ The truck at your fingertips (four-wheel drive tipper)
        * What does the transition from theory to practice look like?
        * Which differences between the semi-trailer truck and the tipper are obvious?
        * Why are the components located where they are? What are the alternatives?
        * How do you evaluate the arrangement / operation / function of the individual assemblies?
Lecture block 5: Vehicle systems and properties
5.1        Steering, wheel guidance, brake system, electrics, electronics
        * What systems are required to operate a truck?
        * Which boundary conditions must be considered when developing the systems?
        * How do the systems in a truck work?
        * How do individual systems work together to become a truck?
5.2        Evaluation methodology in testing and simulation
        * How is a truck and its systems/components/properties evaluated?
        * How is s truck tested?
        * How do design, simulation and testing interact?
        * Which methods are used to evaluate trucks?
5.3        Operational stability, vibration and noise comfort, driving behavior
        * Which characteristics of a truck should be evaluated?
        * How do these characteristics affect the real use of the truck?
        * How can these characteristics be compared with those of market competitors?
        * How can the characteristics of trucks be influenced during development?
5.4        Active and passive safety
        * What is the difference between active and passive safety?
        * Which components/systems influence the safety of trucks ?
        * Which boundary conditions must be considered (laws, technology)?
5.5        The future truck 2025 _ Man and vehicle in harmony
        * What will transport look like in the future?
        * What does the truck of the future look like?
        * Which tasks will the driver have in the future?

[updated 30.09.2020]
Teaching methods/Media:
Lecture notes

[updated 30.09.2020]
Recommended or required reading:

[still undocumented]
[Wed Dec  1 18:47:19 CET 2021, CKEY=fl, BKEY=fz4, CID=FT61, LANGUAGE=en, DATE=01.12.2021]