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Truck Engineering

Module name (EN):
Name of module in study programme. It should be precise and clear.
Truck Engineering
Degree programme:
Study Programme with validity of corresponding study regulations containing this module.
Mechanical and Process Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2013
Module code: MAB.
Hours per semester week / Teaching method:
The count of hours per week is a combination of lecture (V for German Vorlesung), exercise (U for Übung), practice (P) oder project (PA). For example a course of the form 2V+2U has 2 hours of lecture and 2 hours of exercise per week.
2V (2 hours per week)
ECTS credits:
European Credit Transfer System. Points for successful completion of a course. Each ECTS point represents a workload of 30 hours.
Semester: according to optional course list
Mandatory course: no
Language of instruction:
Written exam

[updated 30.09.2020]
Applicability / Curricular relevance:
All study programs (with year of the version of study regulations) containing the course.

FT61 (P241-0308, P241-0309) Automotive Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2011 , optional course, specialisation
FT61 (P241-0308, P241-0309) Automotive Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2015 , optional course, specialisation, course inactive since 27.07.2017
FT61 (P241-0308, P241-0309) Automotive Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.04.2016 , semester 6, optional course, specialisation
FT61 (P241-0308, P241-0309) Automotive Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2019 , semester 6, optional course, specialisation
MAB. Mechanical and Process Engineering, Bachelor, ASPO 01.10.2013 , optional course, specialisation
Workload of student for successfully completing the course. Each ECTS credit represents 30 working hours. These are the combined effort of face-to-face time, post-processing the subject of the lecture, exercises and preparation for the exam.

The total workload is distributed on the semester (01.04.-30.09. during the summer term, 01.10.-31.03. during the winter term).
30 class hours (= 22.5 clock hours) over a 15-week period.
The total student study time is 60 hours (equivalent to 2 ECTS credits).
There are therefore 37.5 hours available for class preparation and follow-up work and exam preparation.
Recommended prerequisites (modules):
Recommended as prerequisite for:
Module coordinator:
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rüdiger Tiemann
Lecturer: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Rüdiger Tiemann

[updated 22.04.2016]
Learning outcomes:
After successfully completing this course, students will be able to:
_ name the main criteria for the use of commercial vehicles based on technical and business management data,
_ describe technical solution possibilities for the application of systems in commercial vehicles and explain their mode of operation,
_ explain the interaction of the most relevant systems with each other with their advantages and disadvantages,
_ describe the most relevant design components and their design parameters,
_ apply the standard approach to the development of trucks using the knowledge they have acquired.

[updated 30.09.2020]
Module content:
Lecture block 1: Introduction to the commercial vehicle industry
1.1        Introduction
1.2        The Daimler Group
        * What is the strategy behind a global corporation?
        * What synergies exist between car and truck technologies?
        * What are the technical/economic challenges?
        * What does the future of vehicle traffic look like?
1.3        _Global Player_ (1): Daimler trucks, Daimler buses, Mercedes-Benz vans
        * What does "Global Player" mean ?
        * What are the requirements for a global player?
        * How is global playing implemented?
        * How can global playing be realized economically ?
        * What opportunities/risks are there and how do you deal with them?
1.4        _Global Player_ (2): Competitors
        * What does the market look like in individual regions?
        * Can there be a global truck?
        * How are competitors positioned and how are they organized?
        * What are the effects of competition on in-house developments?
        * Which vehicle concepts are possible for different customer requirements?
Lecture block 2:  The "commercial vehicle" and its development
2.1        Definition of a commercial vehicle
        * What is a commercial vehicle?
        * What types of commercial vehicles are there? What are the differences?
        * Why are commercial vehicles different?
        * What does "modular system" mean?
2.2        History and technological development
        * Since when have there been commercial vehicles?
        * How have commercial vehicles developed and why?
        * Which technologies make sense, which can be expected?
2.3         Transport economy and operating costs
        * What does profitability mean? What is TCO?
        * What influence do trucks have on TCO, what influence do technologies have?
        * Which factors can influence manufacturers and entrepreneurs?
2.4        Legal framework conditions
        * Which basic conditions have to be considered?
        * What do solutions for market/region-specific requirements look like?
        * How are technical solutions brought to market/homologized?
        * What influence do laws have on development and cost structure?
2.5        Development processes
        * What is the timeline for developing a commercial vehicle?
        * What distinguishes new developments from facelifts?
        * Which steps must be considered during development?
        * What processes are used to develop trucks?
        * How is quality verified, how is the operational fitness?
        * Which methods are used in development?
        * What influence do modern development methods have on costs and time?
Lecture block 3: Vehicle concept and components
3.1        Basic concept, complete vehicle
        * Which boundary conditions influence the vehicle concept?
        * Which assemblies determine the vehicle concept?
        * How is a vehicle designed?
3.2        Cab and interior
        * Which cab types are there?
        * Which boundary conditions (laws, safety, ergonomics) have to be considered?
        * How do customer requirements influence the design of cabs?
        * What is a TruckClinic?
        * What influence does the driver have on the design of the cabin?
3.3         Frames and attachments
        * What is the main purpose of the truck frame?
        * Which frame types are available and why? How do they differ?
        * How is a frame designed?
        * What are the functions of a truck frame and which attachments are available?
3.4        Lightweight construction
        * What is lightweight construction?
        * Why is lightweight construction used and which boundary conditions have to be considered?
        * How can the gap between payload and costs be closed?
        * What influence will lightweight construction have in the future?
3.5        Theory and practice _ The truck at your fingertips (semi-trailer truck)        
        * What does the transition from theory to practice look like?
        * What are the names of the individual components?
        * Why are the components located where they are? What are the alternatives?
        * How do you evaluate the arrangement / operation / function of the individual assemblies?
Lecture block 4: Powertrain concepts, aggregates
4.1        Powertrain design
        * Which boundary conditions must be considered?
        * Why do I need a powertrain design? What is the purpose?
        * How is a powertrain designed?
        * What influence does the powertrain design have on the use of the truck?
4.2        Assemblies (engine, transmission, axles)
        * Which assemblies does a truck have?
        * Which boundary conditions have to be considered when choosing the assemblies?
        * How are the assemblies constructed?
        * How do the assemblies work? How do the assemblies interact?
4.3        Alternative drives and fuels
        * Why is the powertrain the way it is?
        * Which boundary conditions influence the drive type?
        * Why do we need alternative drives?
        * What alternative drives are available and what do they look like?
        * What are the advantages and disadvantages of the alternative drives?
4.5        Theory and practice _ The truck at your fingertips (four-wheel drive tipper)
        * What does the transition from theory to practice look like?
        * Which differences between the semi-trailer truck and the tipper are obvious?
        * Why are the components located where they are? What are the alternatives?
        * How do you evaluate the arrangement / operation / function of the individual assemblies?
Lecture block 5: Vehicle systems and properties
5.1        Steering, wheel guidance, brake system, electrics, electronics
        * What systems are required to operate a truck?
        * Which boundary conditions must be considered when developing the systems?
        * How do the systems in a truck work?
        * How do individual systems work together to become a truck?
5.2        Evaluation methodology in testing and simulation
        * How is a truck and its systems/components/properties evaluated?
        * How is s truck tested?
        * How do design, simulation and testing interact?
        * Which methods are used to evaluate trucks?
5.3        Operational stability, vibration and noise comfort, driving behavior
        * Which characteristics of a truck should be evaluated?
        * How do these characteristics affect the real use of the truck?
        * How can these characteristics be compared with those of market competitors?
        * How can the characteristics of trucks be influenced during development?
5.4        Active and passive safety
        * What is the difference between active and passive safety?
        * Which components/systems influence the safety of trucks ?
        * Which boundary conditions must be considered (laws, technology)?
5.5        The future truck 2025 _ Man and vehicle in harmony
        * What will transport look like in the future?
        * What does the truck of the future look like?
        * Which tasks will the driver have in the future?

[updated 30.09.2020]
Teaching methods/Media:
Lecture notes

[updated 30.09.2020]
Recommended or required reading:

[still undocumented]
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