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Energy and Mass Transfer in Process Technology

Module name (EN): Energy and Mass Transfer in Process Technology
Degree programme: Engineering and Management, Master, ASPO 01.10.2004
Module code: MAM-7.5
Hours per semester week / Teaching method: 6V+2U (8 hours per week)
ECTS credits: 9
Semester: 7
Mandatory course: yes
Language of instruction:
Prep. of class summaries and worksheets, written exam

[updated 12.09.2004]
Applicability / Curricular relevance:
MAM-7.5 Engineering and Management, Master, ASPO 01.10.2004, semester 7, mandatory course
120 class hours (= 90 clock hours) over a 15-week period.
The total student study time is 270 hours (equivalent to 9 ECTS credits).
There are therefore 180 hours available for class preparation and follow-up work and exam preparation.
Recommended prerequisites (modules):
Recommended knowledge:
Bachelor’s degree

[updated 14.08.2012]
Recommended as prerequisite for:
Module coordinator:
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Horst Altgeld
Lecturer: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Horst Altgeld

[updated 06.09.2004]
Learning outcomes:
Advanced thermodynamics:
Students will be able to: explain the difference between ideal an real processes; construct and calculate energy balance schemes; calculate the available energy (‘exergy’) and non-available energy (‘anergy’) in a system; explain and calculate idealized thermodynamic cycles involving ideal gases; explain and calculate the steam-turbine process; compute the states of ideal and real mixtures.
Heat transfer:
Students will be able to: solve complex heat transfer problems; compile and compute thermal balance schemes; list, explain and calculate the various mechanisms of heat transfer; perform calculations on simple heat exchanger systems.
Mass transport:
Students will be able to: compile and compute mass balance schemes; list, explain and calculate the various mechanisms of mass transfer; understand and explain the relationship between mass transport and chemical reactions.
Applications in the energy and process industries:
Students will understand, explain and quantitatively analyse the basic operations and equipment used in the energy and process engineering sectors.

[updated 12.09.2004]
Module content:
- Advanced thermodynamics
        - Introduction and basic terminology
                - Equations of state and changes of state; exact differential
                - Equation of state for ‘real’ gases
                - The first law applied to a general, non-stationary system
                - The second law of thermodynamics; available energy (‘exergy’) and non-available energy (‘anergy’) and exergy loss
        - Cyclical processes, Carnot efficiency and figures of merit
                - Exergetic efficiency
                - Idealized cyclical processes with ideal gases
                        - Reference cycles: Ericsson (Ackeret Keller) cycle, Stirling cycle, dual cycle, heat pump
        - Pure, real substances and their applications
                - Steam engines (steam turbine)
                - Real one-stage and multi-stage steam turbine processes with irreversible steps
                - Efficiency chain from primary energy to end-use consumption
        - Thermal and energetic properties of mixtures
                - General properties of mixtures
                - Ideal mixtures
                        - State variables
                        - Entropy creation from mixing ideal gases
                - Real mixtures
                        - Air, steam, water and ice
                        - Changes of state in an H-X diagram
Heat transfer:
Non-stationary heat conduction; Analytical solutions to one-dimensional problems; Finite difference methods; Multi-dimensional, non-stationary heat conduction; Cell method; Calculation of simple heat exchangers; Heat transfer involving phase changes (vaporization and condensation) for free and forced convection
Mass transfer:
Fundamentals of mass transfer; Stationary diffusion and convection; Diffusion coefficients gases, liquids and solids; Mass transfer coefficients; Substance-specific and overall mass transfer; Thermal diffusion; Pressure diffusion; Forced diffusion; Non-stationary diffusion; Diffusion and reaction
Applications in the energy sector:
Complex heat transfer; Three-stream heat exchange; Steam generation; Condensation; Cooling (wet-air cooling, back cooling, tower cooling)
Applications in thermal process engineering:
Introduction and basic terminology; Energy transport and energy balance schemes; Phase diagrams; Drying (properties of drying materials, convection drying, contact drying); Evaporation and concentration; Crystallization (solubility, nucleation, crystal growth); Sublimation; Distillation; Rectification

[updated 12.09.2004]
Teaching methods/Media:
Guide to lectures; Problems and exercises on topics covered in the lectures; Worksheet problems and topics for presentation

[updated 12.09.2004]
Recommended or required reading:
Cerbe&Hoffmann:  Einführung in die Thermodynamik
Schmidt, Stephan, Mayinger:  Thermodynamik
Hahne, Lüdecke, Lüdecke: Thermodynamik
Elsner:  Technische Thermodynamik
v. Böckh, P.:  Wärmeübertragung
Stephan:  Wärmeübergang beim Kondensieren und beim Sieden
Mersmann, A.:  Stoffübertragung
Gnielinski, V., et al.:  Verdampfung, Kristallisation, Trocknung
Elsner, N, Dittmann, A.:  Grundlagen der Technischen Thermodynamik II – Wärmeübertragung
VDI Wärmeatlas
Energietechn. Arbeitsmappe
Rohsenow, W.P. et al.:  Handbook of Heat Transfer Vol. I u. II
Vauk, Müller:  Grundoperationen chemischer Verfahrenstechnik
Hemming:  Verfahrenstechnik
Baehr, Stephan:  Wärme- und Stoffübertragung
Cussler:  Diffusion – Mass Transfer in Fluid Systems
Jakubith:  Grundoperationen und chemische Reaktionstechnik
Mulder:  Basic Principles of Membrane Technology
Bockhardt, Güntzschel, Poetschukat:  Grundlagen der Verfahrenstechnik für Ingenieure
Sattler:  Thermische Trennverfahren

[updated 12.09.2004]
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